"Nuisance Wildlife Control Specialists" Since 1998
Wildlife Biologist on Staff

Eastern Mole Removal & Control Services


Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus) Order Insectivora


The Eastern Mole can adapt to human environments easily and usually by choice. In human environments Eastern Moles can adapt easily due to the abundance of food and shelter. Urban landscapes provide attractive feeding areas, such as flower gardens, healthy green lawns, and vegetable gardens. Healthy lawns and gardens attract sub-surface or ground insects that the Eastern Mole is attracted to. Grubs are not the whole issue of their presence, because earthworms are their primary food source. Beetles, ants, and other insect larvae are on the menu as well. Killing these insects will only counteract your efforts for a healthy yard or garden. These insects provide the natural aeration to your landscape that gives you a healthy yard. These urban feeding areas also have close or nearby shelters that the Eastern Mole can build a chamber under to sleep in or raise a family. Any side walk, stone wall, stepping stone, log pile, or just an old rotting stump will provide enough cover for their chamber. The sub-surface tunnels and mounds of dirt are evidence of a healthy landscape. Trapping and removal of the Eastern Mole is the only control answer to keeping a healthy yard or landscape free of sub-surface tunnels and dirt mounds.

If you need Eastern Mole removal services, Blue Ridge Wildlife Management, LLC is here to help you. Please Contact Us to help solve your problem.

Identification Reproduction Other Information
Trapping Techniques Damage & Damage Areas  
Health Concerns FAQ's  

Trapping Techniques

There is a science to mole trapping. Setting traps in the middle of the yard or killing the grubs are not an effective means of ridding your landscape of Eastern Moles. Trap placement is the key to effective Eastern Mole trapping. Knowing their biological habits and the use of sub-surface traps will solve or control most problems. Intensive trapping or placing 12 to 24 traps, on average, in a landscape for 2 to 3 weeks straight is our method with spot trapping as needed through the season.

Two sub-surface traps before being covered   Typical chamber location under an old stump
Two sub-surface traps before being covered   Typical chamber location under an old stump

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Damage and Damaged Areas

Urban environments offer the ideal place for Eastern Moles to thrive due to their biological habits and their ability to live in man made landscapes. Their sub-surface tunnels that push the grass and dirt up make lawn mowing difficult. Their chambers under bushes may drain water away from the plant and cause it to die.

Mole hill found at the end of a run   Dead grass due to sub-surface mole tunnels
Mole hill found at the end of a run   Dead grass due to sub-surface mole tunnels

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Health Concerns

There are not direct health concerns related to the Eastern Mole and humans. They do carry fleas, ticks, and lice. Their sub-surface habits prevent most of these health concerns. Their tunneling habits may cause an individual to fall and injure themselves.

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Identification

(Scalopus aquaticus) Order Insectivora

Description:

Often confused with voles. Snout extends ½" beyond mouth. Eyes and ears almost completely concealed in fur. The forefeet are very large and broad, with the toes being webbed to the claws. Hind feet are small and narrow with claws.

Body Size:

  • Males are typically larger than females.
  • Average Length (Adult): 5 ½" - 8"
  • Tail: 1 ¼" long.
  • Average Weight (Adult): 1 - 5 oz.
  • Young at Birth: Blind and naked at birth. Rapid growth
  • Young at 2 weeks: Fine velvet like fur covering on body.
  • Young at 3 weeks: Almost full adult size with eyes open.
  • Young at 4 - 7 weeks: Leave den.

Fur Color:

Grayish brown. Velvety to the touch. Darker on top of body and more brown on belly. Face, feet and tail are whitish pink.

Voice & Sounds:

High pitched squeals, squeaks, grunts and chattering of teeth.

Tracks:

Very uncommon. Usually identified by their runways, tunnels and earth mounds in the yard.

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Reproduction

Time of Year: (Once) February � April
Gestation: 4 - 6 weeks.
Young Born: March - June
Number of Young Born: 3 - 7 per litter. 50% mortality is to be expected.
Average Reproductive Age: 1 year
Weaning: 4 -- 7 Weeks

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Other Information

Habitat:

Well drained moist soils containing humus are ideal. Typical habitats are healthy lawns, gardens, pastures, stream banks, and wood lots.

Home:

Their home is a series of tunnels just below the surface usually built after rain in search of new food sources. These tunnels may only be used once and are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour. Permanent tunnels are built 6 to 18 inches below the ground surface or below the frost line. All the tunnels lead to a chamber. This chamber is usually located under a place that can give them permanent protection, such as a stump, stone wall, or a bush. The chamber is usually around 5 to 8 inches in diameter.

Home Range:

Averages ½ to 2 acres.

Food:

Earthworms are their primary food source, beetles and grubs are consumed as well. Other insect larvae, adult insects, seed pods, corn, slugs, snails, and small mammals are sometimes consumed. Up to 50 pounds of insects are consumed a year by an adult mole.

Habits:

Diurnal or night and daytime activity. Damp and cloudy days are preferred during the spring and fall months.

Hibernation:

Moles do not hibernate. Most people think that they do. Their activity is primarily below the frost line in the cold months.

Average Life Span:

3 years in the wild and up to 5 years in captivity.

Enemies:

Weasels, bull frogs, cats, hawks, owls, and snakes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do you charge for Eastern Mole services?
  • Yes. We are not funded by your local, state or federal government. We are a private business and must charge for our services.
  • See our Services page or Contact Us for pricing.
Do you guarantee your Eastern Mole service?
  • We guarantee that you will receive the most courteous, honest, and professional wildlife management service in southwest Virginia or its FREE!
  • See Warranty page for more details.
What does the Eastern Mole service fee cover?
  • The service fee covers us coming out, inspecting the damages, setting 12 � 24 traps, monitoring them for two to three weeks, and no additional cost to you for return visits for trapping for the rest of the season. The season ends on the fiscal year or December 31st of that calendar year.
Will the traps hurt my children or pets?
  • The traps we use are buried underground. Out of site out of mind.
  • The traps are typically set in areas that children do not play.
  • The only reason a dog or cat would be attracted to the trap would be because it has a mole in it. The traps humanely euthanize the moles; therefore your pet would not get harmed.
How do you remember where all the traps are if you bury them in the ground?
  • The traps are stabilized with a wooden dowel rod that is painted bright orange and sticks out of the ground about ten inches.
What if the trap is stolen?
  • Very unlikely!
  • The customer is responsible for the traps. If the traps are set in an area that you feel like they will get stolen, please let us know so that we can move them or anchor it to the ground.
  • There is a replacement fee for stolen traps.
I accidentally ran over your traps with my lawn mower and splintered your bright orange dowel rod marker?
  • Accidents happen. Please mark the spot where the traps are and we will place a new rod in the ground.
  • We try to set the traps in areas that lawn mowers are not needed.
The landscapers ran over the bright orange dowel marker rods. What should I do?
  • Try to mark the areas the best that you can and contact us asap.
  • Notify the landscape company and let them know that the bright orange rods serve a purpose and to not run over them with the lawn mowers.
All the Eastern Mole Damage is in the grass areas of my yard. Why did you set the traps over there?
  • Your yard is the feeding area. These burrows may only be used once, so setting traps in the middle of the yard would be a waste of time.
  • We set our traps in areas that biologically make sense due to the Eastern Moles behaviors.
Do I have to sign a contract agreement?
  • Yes. In order to protect you and our company a contract must be signed.
  • Our contracts spell out the services to be provided, as well as our guarantee and warranties.
  • You should not do work with a company that is not willing to back up their work in writing.
  • See our Contract page for more details.
How many traps will you set?
  • We set a minimum of 12 - 24 professional grade mole traps.
How long is the Easter Mole service fee good for?
  • Your contract will specify the time period that it is good for, which is usually till the end of the year; December 31st.
How long does your standard Eastern Mole service last once you pull the traps?
  • The service lasts till the end of the year; December 31st. If another Eastern Mole shows up we will re-set the area and remove the Eastern Mole for no additional cost.
Why did you pull the traps before 3 weeks of trapping?
  • Results come fast on most jobs and if we have not caught anything in a week and are not seeing continued damage, we will pull the traps.
  • The moles may have migrated or travel to a different area due to climate change, soil moisture content, or food. They will be back.
  • Our Eastern Mole services are on a seasonal basis, so we will return when they return.
How often do you re-bait the traps?
  • Eastern mole traps do not require bait.
How soon can you set the traps?
  • We will typically set the traps the day you call.
  • We always have traps available.
  • We carry the necessary traps needed in our trucks daily on a seasonal basis to better service the customer the day they call.
  • We do not like to put anything off until tomorrow.
How often do you check the traps?
  • State law requires that the traps are checked daily.
How do I get in touch with the technician if I notice that an animal is trapped?
  • The contract has our office number on it as well as our business card.
  • Our secretary will notify the technician.
  • See the Contact Us section for more details.
My yard must have 50 Eastern Moles in it. Will you be able to catch all of them?
  • The Eastern Mole has the ability to tunnel at a rate of 18 feet per hour. So what seems to be a lot of moles creating all the damage, it is typically a lot less than you think.
  • On average, we will capture 2 to 10 moles in a yard in the first 3 week period. Throughout the season we may capture up to 20 to 25 moles in your landscape.
  • The Eastern Mole tends to travel quiet a bit in search of alternate foods, changes in climate, soil moisture content, or establish its own territory. This travel or migrating pattern may lead you to believe the Eastern Moles are gone, when most likely they will return shortly.
Will the Eastern Moles from my neighbors' yard come into my yard?
  • Due to the Eastern Moles travel or migrating patterns, yes is the answer to your question.
  • If an Eastern Mole does not detect another moles presence in a tunnel system they may establish a new home.
  • We suggest that you contact your neighbors and ask them to participate in our Eastern Mole removal services at the same time as yours. If they are interested, we will discount our service fees for everyone involved.
Why did the Eastern Moles pick my yard and not the neighbors?
  • The Eastern Mole prefers shaded lawns with high moisture content or just a lawn that is well watered. Your neighbor may not care for their lawn as well as you do.
  • Having a nice lawn has its advantages and disadvantages. A green lawn means a healthy lawn, which is ideal for sub-surface insects that the Eastern Mole eats.
If I kill the grubs in my yard, will the Eastern Moles go away?
  • The Eastern Moles primary food source is earthworms, which provide the necessary natural aeration in your lawn and flower beds.
  • Killing the sub-surface insects in your lawn can and will create other problems.
  • Trying to kill grubs and other ground insects will not control your problem.
  • Trapping is the only effective method of control!
Will the sonic noise makers rid my yard of moles?
  • If you feel like these devices work, it is only a coincidence.
  • You are convincing yourself that they work, yet your problem is only going to be prolonged.
  • Trapping is the only effective method of control!
Does gum really work?
  • There are several home remedies for moles and if we could solve your problem by placing gum in mole tunnels we would.
  • Like all the wildlife species that we deal with, if the home remedies and retail devices worked we would certainly have a store full of them for you.
  • Trapping is the only effective method of control!



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